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Complete Alphabetical List of References

Published onJan 14, 2023
Complete Alphabetical List of References


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  • Adema, Janneke, et al. 2015. Really, We’re Helping To Build This . . . Business: The Files. Liquid Books.

  • ———. 2016. “Responsible Enterprise: Don’t Give Commercial Operations Free Labour.” Liquid Books.

  • African Copyright & Access to Knowledge Project. 2016. “African Commons Project.” African Copyright & Access to Knowledge Project. Archived at

  • Ahmed, Allam. 2007. “Open Access Towards Bridging the Digital Divide - Policies and Strategies for Developing Countries.” Information Technology for Development 13 (4): 337–61.

  • Akers, Katherine G., and Jennifer Doty. 2013. “Disciplinary Differences in Faculty Research Data Management Practices and Perspectives.” International Journal of Digital Curation 8 (2): 5–26.

  • Albornoz, Denisse, et al. 1998. “Can Open Scholarly Practices Redress Epistemic Injustice?” Reassembling Scholarly Communications: Histories, Infrastructures, and Global Politics of Open Access, edited by Martin Paul Eve and Jonathan Gray, 65–79. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • Anderson, Charles. 1998. “Universal Access—Free and Open Access—It Depends.” Reference & User Services Quarterly 38 (1): 25–27.

  • Ang, Ien. 2005. “Who Needs Cultural Research?” Cultural Studies and Practical Politics: Theory, Coalition Building, and Social Activism, edited by P. Leystina, 477–83. Blackwell.

  • Arbuckle, Alyssa. 2016. Introduction to Scholarly and Research Communication 10 (2). Special Issue: Canada’s Education Journals.

  • ———. 2019. “Opportunities for Social Knowledge Creation in the Digital Humanities.” Doing More Digital Humanities, edited by Constance Crompton et al., 290–300. New York: Routledge.

  • Asmah, Josephine. 2014. International Policy and Practice on Open Access for Monographs. Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences.

  • Ayris, Paul, et al. 2014. “Open Access in UCL: A New Paradigm for London’s Global University in Research Support.” Australian Academic & Research Libraries 45 (4): 282–95.


  • Bauer, Florian, and Martin Kaltenbock. n.d. Linked Open Data: The Essentials. DGS—Druck- u. Graphikservice GmbH.

  • Behbehanian, Laleh, and Michael Burawoy. 2014. “Appendix: Global Pedagogy in a Digital Age.” Current Sociology 62 (2): 285–91.

  • Benkler, Yochai. 2003. “Freedom in the Commons: Towards a Political Economy of Information.” Duke Law Journal 52 (6): 1245–76.

  • ———. 2006. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

  • Bennett, W. Lance, ed. 2008. Civic Life Online: Learning How Digital Media Can Engage Youth. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • Bhardwaj, Raj Kumar. 2017. “Academic Social Networking Sites: Comparative Analysis of ResearchGate,, Mendeley and Zotero.” Information and Learning Science 118 (5/6): 298–316.

  • Björk, Bo-Christer. 2004. “Open Access to Scientific Publications—an Analysis of the Barriers to Change?” Information Research 9 (2).

  • Bollier, David. 2002. “The Enclosure of the Academic Commons.” Academe 88 (5): 18–22. ,

  • ———. 2006. “The Growth of the Commons Paradigm.” Understanding Knowledge as a Commons: From Theory to Practice, edited by Charlotte Hess and Elinor Ostrom, 27–40. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • Bonaccorsi, Andrea, and Cristina Rossi. 2003. “Why Open Source Software Can Succeed.” Research Policy 32 (7): 1243–58.

  • Borgman, Christine L. 2007. Scholarship in the Digital Age: Information, Infrastructure, and the Internet. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • Bowdon, Melody A., and Russell G. Carpenter. 2011. Higher Education, Emerging Technologies, and Community Partnerships: Concepts, Models and Practices. Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 1AD.

  • Boyle, James. 2008. The Public Domain: Enclosing the Commons of the Mind. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

  • Brennan, Sheila A. 2016. “Public, First.” Debates in the Digital Humanities 2016, edited by Matthew K. Gold and Lauren F. Klein, 384–90. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

  • Broekman, Pauline van Mourik, et al. 2014. Open Education: A Study in Disruption. London: Rowman & Littlefield.

  • Brown, Susan. 2016. “Towards Best Practices in Collaborative Online Knowledge Production.” In Doing Digital Humanities: Practice, Training, Research, edited by Constance Crompton et al., 47–64. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

  • Bruns, Axel. 2008. Blogs, Wikipedia, Second Life, and Beyond: From Production to Produsage. New York: Peter Lang.

  • Burdick, Anne, et al. 2012. “The Social Life of the Digital Humanities.” Digital_Humanities, edited by Anne Burdick et al., 73–99. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • Burg, Jacob. 2000. “Pedagogy of and for the Public: Imagining the Intersection of Public Humanities and Community Literacy.” Community Literacy Journal 14 (2): 130–37.

  • Burke, Peter. 2000. A Social History of Knowledge: From Gutenberg to Diderot, Based on the First Series of Vonhoff Lectures given at the University of Groningen (Netherlands). Cambridge, UK; Malden, MA: Polity Press; Blackwell Publishers.

  • ———. 2012. A Social History of Knowledge. II: From the Encyclopédie to Wikipedia. Cambridge, UK; Malden, MA: Polity Press.

  • Bush, Vannevar. 1945. “As We May Think.” The Atlantic (1 July).


  • Canadian Association of Research Libraries. n.d. “Open Access.” Canadian Association of Research Libraries. Accessed 22 Feb. 2017.

  • Canadian Humanities and Social Sciences Commons. n.d. Homepage of Hsscommons. Accessed 16 July 2021.

  • Cao, Qilin, et al. 2013. “The Roles of Bridging and Bonding in Social Media Communities.” Journal of American Society for Information Science and Technology 64 (8): 1671–81.

  • Chambers, Ephraim. 1728. Cyclopædia: Or, An Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences. London: Ephraim Chambers.

  • Chan, Leslie. 2004. “Supporting and Enhancing Scholarship in the Digital Age.” Canadian Journal of Communication 29 (3): 277–300.

  • ———. 2019. “Open Infrastructure: From Monocultures to Bibliodiversity.” Introduction to Connecting the Knowledge Commons—From Projects to Sustainable Infrastructure, edited by Leslie Chan and Pierre Mounier. Marseille: OpenEdition Press.

  • Chang, Yu-Wei. 2015. “Librarians’ Contribution to Open Access Journal Publishing in Library and Information Science from the Perspective of Authorship.” Journal of Academic Librarianship 41 (5): 660–68.

  • Coonin, Bryna, and Leigh Younce. 2009. “Publishing in Open Access Journals in The Social Sciences and Humanities: Who’s Doing It and Why.” ACRL Fourteenth National Conference.

  • Creative Commons. n.d. “When We Share, Everyone Wins.” Creative Commons. Accessed 25 July 2021.

  • Croxton, Rebecca A. “E-Learning in the Digital Humanities.” Routledge International Handbook of Research Methods in Digital Humanities, edited by Kristen Schuster and Stuart Dunn, 384–98. London: Routledge.

  • CUNY Academic Commons. n.d. Homepage. Accessed 16 July 2021.

  • Cuthill, Michael. 2012. “A ‘Civic Mission’ for the University: Engaged Scholarship and Community-Based Participatory Research.” Higher Education and Civic Engagement: Comparative Perspectives, edited by Lorraine McIlrath et al., 81–99. London: Palgrave Macmillan.


  • Davis, Rebecca Frost, et al. 2020. “Curating Digital Pedagogy in the Humanities.” Humanities Commons. Modern Language Association.

  • De Angelis, Massimo, and David Harvie. 2013. “The Commons.” The Routledge Companion to Alternative Organization, edited by Martin Parker et al., 280–94. London: Routledge.

  • De Carvalho, Carlos, et al. 2012. “Wikimarks: An Approach Proposition for Generating Collaborative, Structured Content from Social Networking Sharing on the Web.” 11th Brazilian Symposium on Human Factors in Computing Systems (IHC ‘12), 95–98.

  • Derrida, Jacques, and Eric Prenowitz. 1995. Mal d’Archive: Une Impression Freudienne (Translated in English as Archive Fever). Paperback ed., [Nachdr.]. Paris; Chicago, IL: Éditions Galilée.

  • Diderot, Denis, and Jean le Ronde d’Alembert. 1751. Encyclopédie, Ou Dictionnaire Raisonné Des Sciences, Des Arts et Des Métiers (English: Encyclopedia, or a Systematic Dictionary of the Sciences, Arts, and Crafts). Paris; Chicago, IL: André le Breton, Michel-Antoine David, Laurent Durand, and Antoine-Claude Briasson.

  • Digital Citizens Alliance. 2017. “Trouble in Our Digital Midst: How Digital Platforms Are Being Overrun by Bad Actors and How the Internet Community Can Beat Them at Their Own Game” (June).

  • Duffy, Brooke Erin, and Jefferson D. Pooley. 2017. “‘Facebook for Academics’: The Convergence of Self-Branding and Social Media Logic on” Social Media + Society 3 (1).

  • Dyer, Harry T. 2017. “Interactivity, Social Media, and Superman: How Comic Books Can Help Us Understand and Conceptualize Interactivity Online.” Digital Sociologies, edited by Jessie Daniels et al., 77–101. Bristol: Policy Press.



  • Fear, Kathleen. 2011. “‘You Made It, You Take Care of It’: Data Management as Personal Information Management.” International Journal of Digital Curation 6 (2): 53–77.

  • Feller, Joseph, and Brian Fitzgerald. 2002. Understanding Open Source Software Development. Boston, MA: Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co.

  • Fitzpatrick, Kathleen. 2015. “Academia, Not Edu.” Really, We’re Helping To Build This . . . Business: The Files. Liquid Books.

  • ———. 2019. Generous Thinking: A Radical Approach to Saving the University. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

  • Fortney, Katie, and Justin Gonder. 2015. “A Social Networking Site Is Not an Open Access Repository.” Really, We’re Helping To Build This . . . Business: The Files. Liquid Books.


  • Geek Feminism Wiki. n.d. “Mitigating Internet Trollstorms.” Geek Feminism Wiki. Accessed 4 Feb. 2021.

  • Geltner, G. 2015. “Upon Leaving” Mittelalter. Interdisziplinäre Forschung und Rezeptionsgeschichte.

  • GitHub. 2013. “GitHub.” GitHub.

  • Glass, Chris R., and Hiram E. Fitzgerald. 2010. “Engaged Scholarship: Historical Roots, Contemporary Challenges.” Institutional Change, edited by Hiram E. Fitzgerald et al., vol. 1, 9–24. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.

  • Glass, Erin R. 2018. “Engaging the Knowledge Commons: Setting Up Virtual Participatory Spaces for Academic Collaboration and Community.” Digital Humanities, Libraries, and Partnerships: A Critical Examination of Labor, Networks, and Community, edited by Robin Kear and Kate Joranson, Kent, UK: Elsevier Science & Technology. 100–15.

  • Gold, Matthew. 2011. “Beyond Friending: BuddyPress and the Social, Networked, Open-Source Classroom.” CUNY Academic Works. Publications and Research, CUNY Graduate Center.

  • Gold, Matthew K. 2012. “Looking for Whitman: A Multi-Campus Experiment in Digital Pedagogy.” Digital Humanities Pedagogy: Practices, Principles and Politics, edited by Brett D. Hirsch, 151–76. Cambridge: Open Book Publishers.

  • Gold, Matthew, and George Otte. 2011. “The CUNY Academic Commons: Fostering Faculty Use of the Social Web.” On the Horizon 19 (1): 24–32.

  • Goodwin, Spencer, et al. 2014. “Changing Communication on ResearchGate through Interface Updates.” Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 51 (1): 1–4.

  • Government of Canada. 2015. Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications.

  • Green, Cable. 2017. “Open Licensing and Open Education Licensing Policy.” Open: The Philosophy and Practices That Are Revolutionizing Education and Science, edited by Rajiv S. Jhangiani and Robert Biswas-Diener, 29–41. London: Ubiquity Press.

  • Guédon, Jean-Claude. 2008. “Digitizing and the Meaning of Knowledge.” Academic Matters (November): 23–26.


  • Hall, Gary. 2015. “What Does’s Success Mean for Open Access?” Really, We’re Helping To Build This . . . Business: The Files. Liquid Books.

  • Hart, A., and D. Wolff. 2006. “Developing Communities of Practice Through Community-University Partnerships.” Planning Practice and Research 21 (1): 121–38.

  • Hart, Jennefer, et al. 2008. “Exploring the Facebook Experience: A New Approach to Usability.” Proceedings of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) International Conference, 471–74. New York: Association for Computing Machinery.

  • Heath, Malcolm, et al. 2008. “E-Publication and Open Access in the Arts and Humanities in the UK.” Ariadne 54. Archived at

  • Hensher, Martin, et al. 2020. “Open Knowledge Commons versus Privatized Gain in a Fractured Information Ecology: Lessons from COVID-19 for the Future of Sustainability.” Global Sustainability 3.

  • Henty, Margaret, et al. 2008. “Investigating Data Management Practices in Australian Universities.” APSR.

  • Hiebert, Matthew, et al. 2015. “Implementing a Social Knowledge Creation Environment.” Scholarly and Research Communication 6 (3).

  • Hsu, Wendy F. 2016. “Lessons on Public Humanities from the Civic Sphere.” Debates in the Digital Humanities 2016, edited by Matthew K. Gold and Lauren F. Klein, 280–86. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

  • Huang, Ronghuai, et al. 2020. “Disrupted Classes, Undisrupted Learning during COVID-19 Outbreak in China: Application of Open Educational Practices and Resources.” Smart Learning Environments 7 (1): 19.

  • Humanities Commons. n.d. “Humanities Commons—Open Access, Open Source, Open to All.” Accessed 4 June 2021.



  • Jay, Gregory. “The Engaged Humanities: Principles and Practices of Public Scholarship and Teaching.” Journal of Community Engagement and Scholarship 3 (1): 51–63.

  • Jones, Christopher. 2015a. “Institutional Supports for Openness.” Networked Learning: An Educational Paradigm for the Age of Digital Networks, 124–26. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

  • ———. 2015b. “Openness, Open Educational Resources and the University.” Networked Learning: An Educational Paradigm for the Age of Digital Networks, 120–24. Springer.

  • Jones, Steven E. 2014. “Publications.” The Emergence of the Digital Humanities, 147–77. New York: Routledge.

  • Joranson, Kate. 2008. “Indigenous Knowledge and the Knowledge Commons.” International Information & Library Review 40 (1): 64–72.

  • Jordan, Katy. 2014. “Academics and Their Online Networks: Exploring the Role of Academic Social Networking Sites.” First Monday (October).

  • ———. 2019. “From Social Networks to Publishing Platforms: A Review of the History and Scholarship of Academic Social Network Sites.” Frontiers in Digital Humanities 6.

  • Jordan, Mary Wilkins. 2015. “Public Library History on the Lewis and Clark Trail.” Public Library Quarterly 34 (2): 162–77.

  • Joy, Eileen A. 2015. “Open Letter to Rosemary Feal, Kathleen Fitzpatrick, and the Modern Language Association.” Santa Barbara: Punctum Books. Accessed 19 Feb. 2019.


  • Kelty, Christopher M. 2008. Two Bits: The Cultural Significance of Free Software. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

  • Keskin, Nilgün Özdamar, et al. 2018. “National Strategies for OER and MOOCs From 2010 to 2020: Canada, Japan, South Korea, Turkey, UK, and USA.” Administrative Leadership in Open and Distance Learning Programs, 188–212. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

  • King, Monty, et al. 2018. “MOOCs and OER in the Global South: Problems and Potential.” The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning 19 (5).

  • Kitchin, Rob, et al. 2015. “Funding Models for Open Access Digital Data Repositories.” Online Information Review 39 (5): 664–81.

  • Kogut, Bruce, and Anca Metiu. 2001. “Open-Source Software Development and Distributed Innovation.” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 17 (2): 248–64.

  • Kondratova, Irina, and Ilia Goldfarb. 2004. “Virtual Communities of Practice: Design for Collaboration and Knowledge Creation.” Proceedings of the European Conference on Products and Processes Modelling.

  • Kranich, Nancy. 2006. “Countering Enclosure: Reclaiming the Knowledge Commons.” Understanding Knowledge as a Commons: From Theory to Practice, edited by Charlotte Hess and Elinor Ostrom, 85–122. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • Krier, Laura, and Carly A. Strasser. 2013. Data Management for Libraries: A Lita Guide. Chicago: ALA TechSource.


  • Lane, Richard J. 2014. “Innovation through Tradition: New Scholarly Publishing Applications Modelled on Faith-Based Electronic Publishing & Learning Environments.” Scholarly and Research Communication 5 (4).

  • Levine, Peter. 2002. “Building the Electronic Commons.” The Good Society 11 (3)” 1–9.

  • Liu, Alan. 2011. “Friending the Past: The Sense of History and Social Computing.” New Literary History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation 42 (1): 1–30.

  • ———. 2012. “Where Is Cultural Criticism in the Digital Humanities?” Debates in the Digital Humanities, edited by Matthew K. Gold, 490–509. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

  • Local Contexts. n.d. “TK Labels.” Local Contexts. Accessed 25 July 2021.

  • Lorimer, Rowland. 2014. “A Good Idea, a Difficult Reality: Toward a Publisher/Library Open Access Partnership.” Scholarly and Research Communication 5 (4).

  • Lovett, Julia, et al. 2017. “Institutional Repositories and Academic Social Networks: Competition or Complement? A Study of Open Access Policy Compliance vs. ResearchGate Participation.” Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication 5 (1): eP2183.–3309.2183


  • Madison, Michael J., et al. 2019. “Knowledge Commons.” Routledge Handbook of the Study of the Commons, edited by Blake Hudson et al., 76–90. London: Routledge.

  • Martin, Shawn. 2019. “Historicizing the Knowledge Commons: Open Access, Technical Knowledge, and the Industrial Application of Science.” KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies 3 (February): 23.

  • Maxwell, John. 2015. “Beyond Open Access to Open Content.” Scholarly and Research Communication 6 (3).

  • McGrath, Jim. 2020. “Teaching Digital Public Humanities with the Public Library.” Doing Public Humanities, edited by Susan Smulyan, 39–54. New York: Routledge.

  • McLuhan, Marshall. 1962. The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man. University of Toronto Press.

  • McMillan Cottom, Tressie. 2015. “‘Who Do You Think You Are?’: When Marginality Meets Academic Microcelebrity.”

  • McPherson, Tara. 2012. “Why Are the Digital Humanities so White? Or Thinking the Histories of Race and Computation.” Debates in the Digital Humanities, edited by Matthew K. Gold, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

  • Meadows, Alice. 2015. “Beyond Open: Expanding Access to Scholarly Content.” Journal of Electronic Publishing 18 (3).;rgn=main

  • Meishar-Tal, Hagit, and Efrat Pieterse. 2017. “Why Do Academics Use Academic Social Networking Sites?” The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning 18 (1).

  • Mendeley. 2021. “Reference Management Software & Researcher Network.” Mendeley. Accessed 28 July 2021.

  • Molloy, Jennifer. 2011. “The Open Knowledge Foundation: Open Data Means Better Science.” PLOS Biology 9 (12): 1–4.

  • Morrison, Aimée. 2018. “Of, By, and For the Internet: New Media Studies and Public Scholarship.” The Routledge Companion to Media Studies and Digital Humanities, edited by Jentery Sayers, 56–66. New York: Routledge.

  • Morrison, Heather, et al. 2010. Require Open Access to Results of Research Funded by Canadian Taxpayer.



  • Okune, Angela, et al. 2019. “Whose Infrastructure? Towards Inclusive and Collaborative Knowledge Infrastructures in Open Science.” Connecting the Knowledge Commons — From Projects to Sustainable Infrastructure: The 22nd International Conference on Electronic Publishing—Revised Selected Papers, edited by Leslie Chan and Pierre Mounier. Marseille: OpenEdition Press.

  • Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. 2015. “Making Open Science a Reality.” OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers 25: n.p. DOI: 10.1787/5jrs2f963zs1-en

  • Ossewaarde, Marinus, and Wessel Reijers. 2017. “The Illusion of the Digital Commons: ‘False Consciousness’ in Online Alternative Economies.” Organization 24 (5): 609–28.

  • Ossiannilsson, Ebba. 2021. “Some Challenges for Universities, in a Post Crisis, as Covid-19.” Radical Solutions for Education in a Crisis Context: COVID-19 as an Opportunity for Global Learning, edited by Daniel Burgos et al., 99–112. Singapore: Springer.

  • Ovadia, Steven. 2014. “ResearchGate and Academic Social Networks.” Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian 33 (3): 165–69.




  • Saklofske, Jon, and INKE Research Group. 2016. “Digital Theoria, Poiesis, and Praxis: Activating Humanities Research and Communication through Open Social Scholarship Platform Design.” Scholarly and Research Communication 7 (2/3).

  • Shearer, Kathleen. 2011. Comprehensive Brief to Open Access to Publications and Research Data for the Federal Granting Agencies.

  • Shen, Chien-wen, and Chin-Jin Kuo. 2015. “Learning in Massive Open Online Courses: Evidence from Social Media Mining.” Computers in Human Behavior 51 (October): 568–77.

  • Siemens, Lynne. 2009. “INKE Administrative Structure, Omnibus Document.” New Knowledge Environments 1 (1).

  • ———. 2012a (March). “Understanding Long-Term Collaboration: Reflections on Year 1 and Before.” Scholarly and Research Communication 3 (1).

  • ———. 2012b (April). “Firing on All Cylinders: Progress and Transition in INKE’s Year 2.” Scholarly and Research Communication 3 (4).

  • ———. 2013. “Responding to Change and Transition in INKE’s Year 3.” Scholarly and Research Communication 4 (3).

  • ———. 2014. “Research Collaboration as ‘Layers of Engagement’: INKE in Year Four.” Scholarly and Research Communication 5 (4).

  • Siemens, Lynne, and INKE Research Group. 2016. “‘Faster Alone, Further Together’: Reflections on INKE’s Year Six.” Scholarly and Research Communication 7 (2/3).

  • Siemens, Ray. 2002. Scholarly Publishing at Its Source, and at Present.” Introduction to The Credibility of Electronic Publishing: A Report to the Humanities and Social Sciences Federation of Canada. 1–128.

  • Siemens, Ray, Alex Garnett, Corrina Koolen, Cara Leitch, Meagan Timney, and ETCL, INKE, and PKP Research Groups. 2012. “‘Toward Modeling the Social Edition: An Approach to Understanding the Electronic Scholarly Edition in the Context of New and Emerging Social Media.’” Literary and Linguistic Computing 27 (4): 445–61.

  • Slashdot Media. 2013. “SourceForge.” SourceForge.

  • Snijder, Ronald. 2015. “Better Sharing Through Licenses? Measuring the Influence of Creative Commons Licenses on the Usage of Open Access Monographs.” Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication 3 (1): 1187.

  • Suber, Peter. 2005. “Promoting Open Access in the Humanities.” Syllecta Classica 16: 231–46.

  • ———. 2006. “Creating an Intellectual Commons through Open Access.” Understanding Knowledge as a Commons: From Theory to Practice, edited by Charlotte Hess and Elinor Ostrom, 171–208. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.



  • Van Allen, Jennifer, and Stacy Katz. 2020. “Teaching with OER during Pandemics and Beyond.” Journal for Multicultural Education 14 (3/4): 209–18.

  • Veletsianos, George. 2015. “A Case Study of Scholars’ Open and Sharing Practices.” Open Praxis 7 (3): 199–209.

  • ———. 2016. Social Media in Academia: Networked Scholars. New York: Routledge.

  • ———. 2021. “Open Educational Resources: Expanding Equity or Reflecting and Furthering Inequities?” Educational Technology Research and Development 69 (1): 407–10.

  • Veletsianos, George, and Royce Kimmons. 2012. “Networked Participatory Scholarship: Emergent Techno-Cultural Pressures toward Open and Digital Scholarship in Online Networks.” Computers & Education 58 (2): 766–74.

  • Von Krogh, Georg, and Eric Von Hippel. 2006. “The Promise of Research on Open Source Software.” Management Science 52 (7): 975–83.


  • Weber, Steven. 2004. The Success of Open Source. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

  • Weinhardt, Justin M., and Traci Sitzmann. 2019. “Revolutionizing Training and Education? Three Questions Regarding Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs).” Human Resource Management Review 29 (2): 218–25.

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  • Wiley, David, and John Hilton. 2018. “Defining OER-Enabled Pedagogy.” The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning 19 (4).

  • Wilkinson, Mark D., et al. 2016. “The FAIR Guiding Principles for Scientific Data Management and Stewardship.” Scientific Data 3 (1): 160018.

  • Willinsky, John. 2006. The Access Principle: The Case for Open Access to Research and Scholarship. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • Wilson, James A. J., et al. 2011. “An Institutional Approach to Developing Research Data Management Infrastructure.” International Journal of Digital Curation 6 (2): 274–87.

  • Winter, Caroline, et al. 2020. “Foundations for the Canadian Humanities and Social Sciences Commons: Exploring the Possibilities of Digital Research Communities.” Pop! Public. Open. Participatory 2 (October).

  • Wonders, Brooke J., et al. 2012. “Information Sampling and Linking: Reality Hunger and the Digital Knowledge Commons.” Contemporary Social Science 7 (3): 247–62.

  • Woodward, Kathleen. 2009. “The Future of the Humanities in the Present & in Public.” Daedalus 138 (1): 110–23.


  • Zhang, Ke, et al., eds. 2015. MOOCs and Open Education in the Global South: Challenges, Successes, and Opportunities. New York: Routledge.

  • Zheng, Ye, and Yu Li. 2015. “University Faculty Awareness and Attitudes towards Open Access Publishing and the Institutional Repository: A Case Study.” Journal of Librarianship & Scholarly Communication 3 (1): 1–29.


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